New publication: Globalization of innovation: the moderating role of project-level investment strategy and country type in location choice for R&D-related FDI
New publication in the Journal Transnational Corporations Volume 28, 2021, Number 2: Globalization of innovation: the moderating role of project-level investment strategy and country type in location choice for R&D-related FDI
Associate Professor Stine Jessen Haakonsson, Department of Organization (IOA), Copenhagen Business School (CBS)
Assistant Professor Eliane Choquette, Department of Management, Aarhus University
Associate Professor Peter D. Ørberg Jensen, Department of Strategy & Innovation, Copenhagen Business School (CBS)
Professor Søren Feodor Nielsen, Department of Finance, Copenhagen Business School (CBS)
The current stage of globalization involves geographically dispersed research and development (R&D) investments that are not confined to advanced economies. These cross-border R&D investments are driven by multinational enterprises’ (MNEs’) strategies for exploring and/or exploiting foreign locations. In this paper, we analyse location choice and the moderating effect of project-level investment strategy (i.e. exploration or exploitation) and type of host economy (i.e. advanced or emerging) on the importance of the innovation framework and local innovation capabilities. Our analysis of 588 R&D-related foreign direct investment (FDI) projects in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries during the 2006–2016 period reveals that whereas a host country’s innovation framework and capability overall do affect the location decision, their ultimate effects are conditional on the combination of project-level investment strategy and type of economy. Our findings have policy implications for FDI policies aiming at enhancing linkages between MNEs and local actors and national science, technology, innovation and educational policies and programmes.
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