Governing Green Transition: Barriers and Enablers of Power Sector Reform in Indonesia

Indonesia is one of the countries most affected by climate change and also the fifth largest emitter of greenhouse gases. It is overwhelmingly dependent on fossil fuels in its energy mix, while also being tremendously rich in sources of renewable energy. Even though policies for energy transition are present, intent is not matched by progress. These paradoxes are the focus of the analyses and recommendations of this research project, which asks how governance arrangements constrain green transition, and how enablers can be harnessed to overcome the challenges.


Indonesia has committed to combatting climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, yet impact far from matches intent. The enery sector is overwhelmingly coal dependent with very little progress in renewable energy (RE) uptake. Studies identify governance as the most critical barrier.

The project will apply an interdisciplinary approach to analyzing electricity sector multi-level governance to identify barriers and enablers of RE development, diversification of supply, and increased energy efficiency and to propose strategies for overcoming the challenges.

The project includes a strong inter-disciplinary team of Indonesian partners, constituting a coherent group with prior experiences of collaboration, located at institutions strong in sustainability-related research, and is extend with consultative groups in Indonesia and Denmark – in Indonesia, with PLN, ministries, industry associations, think tanks, and NGOs.

The project can build on and extend experiences from the Danish Energy Agency’s ongoing
partnership project in Indonesia and develop synergies with ongoing efforts by Danish universities and the embassy in Jakarta to expand collaboration in research and teaching.

The page was last edited by: Asia Research Community // 07/04/2023