Department of Business Humanities and Law

  • Centre for Business History
Associate professor emeritus
Dr. merc

E-mail: lh.bhl@cbs.dk

I am researching and teaching innovation and industrial dynamics. I study the mechanisms of technology and social innovation. Why and how does performance in innovation vary between countries and companies? What is role of different institutional and individual innovation actors in companies, universities and government?

I have studied dynamics in several industries, including air transportation, communication, engineering consultancy, energy, and information technology. My research encompasses comparative studies of innovation in Germany, Great Britain, France, and the United States. Studies of industrial dynamics in Denmark. I study innovation in networks of industry, government, and university. My current research opens innovation systems black box in order to provide a better basis for understating innovation processes. It is based upon comparison of dynamics of innovation in Great Britain, United States, and Germany.


Primary research areas
  • Innovation and entrepreneurship
  • Company and leadership
  • Regulation of markets, businesses and public organizations
  • Interaction of organizational and technological change
  • IT, communication, transport, and energy industry in a global world
Link to this homepage
Selected publications


Punched-Card Systems and the Early Information Explosion, 1880-1945, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009

Historien om FORCE Technology 1940-2006 (FORCE Technology’s History), Copenhagen: Børsens Forlag, 2008

Hulkort og EDB i Danmark 1911-1970 (Punched Cards and Computers in Denmark, 1911-1970), Århus: Systime, 1996


“Retail Banking and the Dynamics of Information Technology in Business Organizations”, 275-285, in Technological Innovation in Retail Finance, International Historical Perspectives, ed. by Bernado Batiz-Lazo, J. Carles Maixé-Altés, Paul Thomes, London: Routlege, 2011.

"Facilitating and restricting a challenger: Patents and standards in the development of the Bull-Knutsen punched card system, 1919–1938, Business History, 51(2009), 28–44.

"Punched cards for professional European offices: revisiting the dynamics of information technology diffusion from the United States to Europe, 1889–1918, History and Technology, 24(2008), 307–320.

"The Danish Welding Institute and FORCE Technology, 1940-2005: Technical Standardization and the Shaping of Business", Entreprises et histoire, 51(2008), 57-68.

"Facilitating Technology Service: National and European Standards and the Shaping of FORCE Technology, 1940-2005", in Harm Schröter (ed), The European Firm, Berlin: Springer Verlag, 2007.

"Between Parent and ‘Child’, IBM and its German Subsidiary, 1910-1945", p.149-173, in Multinationals in Dictatorships, eds. Per H. Hansen and Chris Kobrak, New York: Berghahn Books, 2004.

"Monitoring people: Dynamics and Hazards of Record Management in France, 1935-1944", Technology and Culture, vol.45 (2004), p.80-101.

"IBM Technology and the Third Reich", p.283-292, in Steven L.B. Jensen (ed), Genocide: Cases, Comparisons and Contemporary Debates, Copenhagen: Danish Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 2003.

Publications sorted by:
Lars Heide / Strukturwandel und Innovation
In: Nordeuropa: Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Studium. . ed. /Bernd Henningsen. Baden-Baden : Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft 2023, p. 479-481
Book chapter > peer review
Lars Heide / Anmeldelse af Lars K. Christensen, Between Denmark and, Detroit
In: Historisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 122, No. 1, 2022, p. 268-270
Book review
Lars Heide / Lars K. Christensen: Between Denmark and Detroit: Ford Motor Company A/S and the Transformation of Fordism 1919-1966
In: Historisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 122, No. 1, 2022, p. 268-270
Book review
Lars Heide / IBM: The Rise and Fall and Reinvention of a Global Icon
In: Technology and Culture, Vol. 61, No. 3, 7.2020, p. 978-979
Book review
Lars Heide / The Land of Enterprise: A Business History of the United States. By Benjamin C. Waterhouse
In: Business History Review, Vol. 93, No. 1, 1.2019, p. 177-179
Book review
Lars Heide / Faxed: The Rise and Fall of the Fax Machine
In: Enterprise & Society, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2019, p. 728-730
Book review
Lars Heide / Dynamics of Innovation at IBM, 1945-1953
Paper presented at 2015 BHC-EBHA Meeting, 2015
Paper > peer review
Lars Heide / Reimagining Business History by Philip Scranton and Patrick Fridenson
In: Technology and Culture, Vol. 56, No. 1, 2015, p. 263-265
Book review > peer review
Lars Heide / Building Air Defense and Computer Expertise : Knowledge Transfer Between Mit and IBM in the Sage Project.
In: Entreprises et Histoire, Vol. 2014/2, No. 75, 2014, p. 57-72
Journal article > peer review
Lars Heide / From the Editor's Desk
In: I E E E Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 36, No. 2, 2014, 2 p., p. 2-3
Editorial > peer review
More results... (total 41 results)