Since the 1950’s, The Law Department has been part of CBS, originally as the Department for Commercial Law. In 1967, the Department for European Law was established. In 1991, the two departments merged into the Law Department. The merger reinforced the collective research and ensured a more coherent planning of the teaching activities, which at that time and today covers a wide range of important legal disciplines. The increased importance of EU Law also made the merger obvious.
Today, research at the Law Department is divided into three groups dealing with Contract and Finance Law and Law and Economics, EU and Market Law, and Tax and Company Law.
The Law Department aims at promoting growth, welfare and development in Denmark and internationally through basic and applied research by using a focused strategy. The Department’s research focuses on commercial law in a distinct business-oriented societal and commercial perspective on private and public law. The starting point for the Department’s research is the national and international legal framework for business in a globalized world and the increased internationalization of commercial law. Consequently, the research concentrates on the content of and interplay between International Law, EU Law and National Law. The commercial and international perspective includes an emphasis on innovation and entrepreneurship, both closely embedded in the commercial and international legal infrastructure.
The research must have an impact on society – nationally, regionally (EU) and globally. It is the ambition of the Department to maintain and develop its recognised research position in respect of commercial law in the Nordic region and over time achieve the same status in a European and global context.
In contrast to the ordinary legal research environments at Danish universities, which cover all legal disciplines, the Law Department has a clear commercial focus. In particular, the research seeks to elucidate and provide perspectives on the strategic opportunities for businesses and authorities in a legal and law and economics context. The research may deal with the interplay between Business Law and other fields, including economics and interdisciplinary aspects, especially globalization and proactive law.
The starting point for the research is concrete problems for businesses and public authorities. Thus, from a business perspective, the research addresses every aspect of business' life from innovation, entrepreneurship, early financing, start-up, business models, legal structures, contract management, the protection of intellectual property rights, legal risk management, and to the stage of merger or bankruptcy.
The research covers three areas:
- Commerce and Transactions (contracts, financing and Law and Economics),
- The Market (international Commercial Law and EU Internal Market Law etc.), and
- Corporate organization, entrepreneurship and taxation (Company Law and Tax Law etc.).
The Department has established research groups within these three areas, and each researcher is member of at least one group. Furthermore, a number of the Department’s researchers participate in CBS’ Public-Private Platform and other cross-departmental units.
The group Commerce and Transactions and Law and Economics covers Law of Obligations, Contract Law, Tort Law, Finance and Property Law, Entrepreneurship, Private International Law, Intellectual Property Law, IT Law, Consumer Law, Public Contracts, Partnering, Maritime and Transport Law, Law and Economics, Litigation, Arbitration, Mediation, and Enforcement. Law and Economics applies economic methods, both theoretical and empirical, to commercial law and to commercially relevant public regulation. Research in law and economics covers contract law, tort law and other systems of liability, and intellectual property rights.
The group The Market covers market law in general, including International Trade Law, EU Market Law, EU Law, Competition Law, Public Procurement, State Aid, Law and Economics, and Marketing Law.
The group Corporate organization, entrepreneurship and taxation covers in particular Entrepreneurship, Company Law, Tax Law, Financial Regulations, Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, Labour Law, Non-Discrimination Law, and Law and Economics.
The Law Department provides research-based teaching in and is responsible for the law courses at CBS. The Department provides teaching, supervision and course/program development in connection with a large number of programs of which the biggest are: BSc in Business Administration and Commercial Law (HA-jur), Master of Science (MSc) in Business Administration and Commercial Law (cand.merc.jur.), MSc in Business and Economics and Auditing (cand.merc.aud.), BSc in Economics and Business Administration (HA Almen) and CBS’ Diploma program in Business Administration (HD), all of which are among the biggest programs at CBS. In addition, the Law Department is responsible for the Master in Tax (Master i Skat) at CBS.
Within Law, most courses are Danish, thus the teaching platform has a Danish basis. However, commercial law has increasingly become regional and global, which is reflected in the Department’s research strategy and its courses. At the same time, it is commonly accepted that in-depth knowledge of national and global commercial law is an important part of Business Management and Leadership.
Based on modern pedagogical and technological methodologies (blended learning), the teaching and courses offered by the Law Department provide students with analytical tools applicable in practice on concrete business problems.
In line with the Department’s research, the purpose of the teaching is to critically analyse and provide perspectives of the strategic opportunities for businesses and authorities in a legal and law and economics context. The Department’s teaching is also characterised by a high degree of integration of EU Law and other international legal aspects due to the internationalization of commercial law.
The Department aims to develop and offer courses that enable entrepreneurship; this ambition entails close cooperation with other departments. The Law Department provides both mandatory courses and electives to many study programmes at CBS. Several of these courses and electives include entrepreneurship and innovation as a significant part of the curriculum. Furthermore, a huge number of courses run by the Department are crucial for entrepreneurship and innovation.
Dissemination and collaboration
The Law Department prioritizes research dissemination and collaboration with society in order to contribute to the development of society, in particular through:
- Participation in national and international research conferences with paper, as well as hosting and managing such conferences,
- Impact on national and international legislation, i.e. by participation in committees and working groups, councils, boards, and public consultations,
- Participation in national and international research networks and research groups,
- Cooperation with national and international institutions, businesses, public authorities, and organisations,
- Cooperation with business through conferences, seminars, and vocational courses and
- Contributions to media with an impact on society – among other things interviews, articles and chronicles.
Financing and external funding
The Law Department’s vision is to contribute to meeting the demands of CBS for external funding from public and private funds as a minimum in accordance with the goal of CBS’ Development Contract with the Ministry of Research. The Department recognises that external funding, nationally and internationally, public as well as private, is a sign of excellence of the individual research project, its relevance and its benefit for society. External funding for positions such as Post Docs and PhD as well as larger grants are highly prioritized.
Consequently, the Department encourages its researchers to apply for external funding and to the widest possible extent use the facilities provided for by CBS for assistance with external funding. The Head of Department can assign funds from the Department account to employees when preparing applications for external funding. Procurement of external funding is a substantial criterion for recruitment and promotion.
More specifically, the Department focuses on externally funded PhD projects, Industrial PhD projects, post docs projects, individual projects, group projects and other projects. External funding may come from public or private, national or international foundations, businesses or public bodies.
The Department has an internal review process as an important step in achieving external funding. All applications are reviewed by a Working group and by the Head of Department and the Head of Secretariat.
At the Law Department, PhD candidates are normally expected to apply for external funding of the PhD together with the relevant Associate Professor / Professor. Assistant Professors are expected to apply for a post doc as part of a future Associate Professorship. Associate Professors, Professors mso and Professors are expected on average to apply for or participate in applications for larger grants approximately every 3rd year, provided the VIP is not already engaged in or administering in an externally funded project.
The Law Department wants to be a very attractive work place for researchers as well as for technical and administrative personnel with focus on professionalism, collegiality and socializing.
The Department’s vision for the working environment builds partly both on presence of the employees, active participation in teaching and research, partly on flexibility with room for individual ways of teaching and carrying out research. Flexibility shall be build upon inclusiveness, diversity, equality and recognition.
Recruitment and promotion
The Law Department prioritizes recruitment of excellent Danish and international researchers who can contribute significantly individually and/or in research groups within one or more of the research and teaching areas of the Department as well as contribute to development and use of case-based teaching. A mentor scheme has been established for new employees, including PhD students, where the new employee gets an experienced colleague as mentor for approximately one year.
The Law Department wants to recruits researchers nationally and internationally in accordance with its strategy, needs and profile in order to carry out the research and teaching obligations, in particular in respect of in prioritized order:
- The three research areas, which all are highly prioritized at the Department. Recruitment and promotion shall be carried out proportionally in respect of the three areas of research.
- External funding from both public and private bodies.
- A long-term recruitment and promotion policy in order to recruit primarily PhD students and Assistant Professors in order to ensure a sound basis for organic growth.
- Retention and promotion of excellent employees in open competition with external applicants.
- Systematic assistance from all employees to the Head of Department, in particular professors, in order to recruit young researchers, including assistant professors PhD students and industrial PhD students, and to get the necessary funding for this.
- Key programs for the Law Department, including development of relevant courses and programs.
- The number of courses in Danish/English.
- Case-based teaching, and
- Application of ICT and Blended Learning.
The Law Department is member of the PhD School LIMAC (the Doctoral School of Law, Languages, Informatics, Operations Management, Accounting and Culture) together with a number of other departments at CBS. The Law Department also participates in Jurforsk (Dansk Juridisk Forskeruddannelsesprogram), cooperation between the legal research environments in Denmark. The purpose of Jurforsk is to ensure the quality of the PhD Program in Denmark, and to work for increased internationalization by expanding and applying the international networks of the institutions. Jurforsk offers a basic PhD course as well as specialised PhD courses. The Law Department prioritizes PhD dissertations in a main language or Danish.
The Law Department offers at least one course for PhD Fellows annually and an internal course for PhD supervisors. PhD supervisors are allocated on the basis of academic and personal skills. A PhD supervisor should be an expert in the subject matter of the PhD project or have very good knowledge thereof. The Law Department does not have a ban against hiring its own PhD Fellows as Assistants Professors or Post Docs.
The Law Department has approximately 90 DVIPs. The extent of each DVIP’s teaching varies – but together these colleagues constitute a vital human resource, adding competencies and practical experience that complement LAW’s VIP teachers, but, importantly, also making up for the shortage of LAW VIP teaching and supervision capacity. They are integrated into the Department’s teaching and research environment in a number of ways. DVIPs are invited to all seminars, conferences etc. Furthermore, they participate in the development of courses and teaching together with VIPs. In some case joint research may be carried out.