Department of Strategy and Innovation


Investments, Incentives, and the Impact of Danish research.

Logo of the Triple-I-Research project

Research project supported by the Novo Nordisk Foundation. Headed by Professor H.C. Kongsted


About the research project
With this project, we aim to improve our understanding of the way universities, firms and research funders interact and how research impacts society at large. We will focus on the pivotal role of individual researchers and their interactions with firms, funders and universities. We will analyse the incentives and constraints researchers face and explore how these influence their research activities such as publishing, patenting or starting spin-off firms. Understanding how the mechanisms work at the micro level will allow us to assess the likely impact of research. We accomplish this research on the basis of uniquely detailed and comprehensive data on Danish researchers and their interactions, the Triple-I-Research database constructed from registry information and researcher surveys.

Each sub-project will address an issue of importance to research policy such as: What are the effects of a preferential researcher tax scheme on researcher migration; how does the ownership model for academic patents affect technology transfer from universities; are there spill-overs to co-workers of academic researchers joining private firms; how are the prevalence and performance of university spin-offs affected by public funding schemes; and what are the interrelationships between public and private charitable research grants. 

The project team consists of Danish and international researchers with proven academic records, relevant methodological experience within fields of economics, and ample experience in collecting and analysing data. The project is  based at the Copenhagen Business School. The general direction and conduct of research is guided by an advisory board. The project runs during the period of 2017–2020.
We report on our findings in terms of academic 
publications, three conferences accompanied by policy reports, two workshops and a number of policy briefs.
Project Output
The research project will result in a number of reports and publications based on the data collected through registry information and surveys. The output will be made available on this website.

The Triple-I-Research project organized several activities in relation to the Druid ’18 conference
Sunday June 10, 9.00-17.30: Pre-conference workshop (by invitation): ”Geographical and Organizational Mobility of Scientists”. PDF icon Final program
Monday June 11, 9.00-12.00: PDW (Professional Development Workshop, open to Druid participants): ”The Mobility of People & Ideas: Implications for the Direction of Innovation.”
Tuesday June 12, 13.00-14.30: DRUID DEBATE on The Focus on 'Star Scientists': Motion: "The focus on ‘star scientists’ in science and innovation policy is misplaced, and detrimental to development of effective policies for economic development". Speaking for the motion: Jason Owen-Smith and Aldo Geuna. Speaking against the motion: Catherine Beaudry and Alexander Oettl. The Triple-I-Research project sponsors this debate (open to Druid participants).

"Experience Matters: The Role of Academic Scientist Mobility for Industrial Innovation" by Kaiser, U., H.C. Kongsted, K. Laursen and A-K. Ejsing (forthcoming), Strategic Management Journal

”University researchers engagement with industry, the public sector and society – Results from a 2017 survey of university researchers in Denmark" (November 2017) by H.C. Kongsted, Valentina Tartari, Davide Cannito, Maria Theresa Norn, and Jeppe Wohlert. Download report: PDF icon cbs_dea_survey_of_researchers_external_engagement.pdf
Background data available in excel: File appendix_tables.xlsx
Project Team
Hans Christian Kongsted, Professor in Econometrics, Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School
Ulrich Kaiser, Professor in Entrepreneurship, University of Zurich
Johan Kuhn, PhD in Economics, consultant
Cédric Schneider, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School
Esben Anton Schultz, PhD, Partner, Højbjerre Brauer Schultz 
Valentina Tartari, Assistant Professor, Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School
Andy Toole, Deputy Chief Economist at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and Research Associate at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) 
Wolf-Hendrick Uhlbach, Researcg Assistant, Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School
Paul-Emmanuel Anckaert, Post doc, Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School
Former members of the team
Angeliki  Karavasili, PHD Fellow, University of Bath
Sara Vardi, PhD Fellow, Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School
Davide Cannito, PhD fellow, Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School
Lisa Holzhäuer, student assistant, Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School
Beatrice Piras, student assistant, Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School
Sofie Dalum, research assistant, Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School

Advisory Board

Maryann Feldman, Heninger Distinguished Professor, Department of Public Policy, University of North Carolina.
Palle Høy Jakobsen DMSc. (, Managing Director, EIT Health, part-time Associate Professor at CBS

Reinhilde Veugelers, Professor, Faculty of Economics and Business, KU Leuven



This Research Project is funded by the Novo Nordisk Foundation with 10mio DKK.


Contact information

Professor Hans Christian Kongsted




The page was last edited by: Department of Strategy and Innovation // 06/17/2022