Changing in Time
The theoretical aspiration of the project is to challenge prevailingly chronological, linear and sequential theories on time and organization and develop an alternative view, which accounts for actors’ temporalities; i.e. their active configuration of present, past and future. It will show how strategies and histories are brought into the present to actively shape actors’ sense of their own time, and how that, in turn, influences the long term trajectory of organizations. The theoretical agenda is developed through in depth, comparative empirical studies of leading Danish food companies, Carlsberg Group (listed beer company) and Arla (cooperative dairy company).
The overall aim is to understand how central actors in both companies have connected past and future at various moments in time and how that has influenced their choices and priorities. In each company we focus on significant periods of transformation asking questions about what led to changes, and what they led to in turn. The project combines a multiplicity of empirical methods.
The project is a further development of a four-year project on identity transformation focusing on Carlsberg Group and conducted by Professor Majken Schultz and Professor Mary Jo Hatch. The first phase was also funded by Tuborg Foundation.
Reseachers involved in the project are:
Professor Majken Schultz (responsible, IOA, CBS)
Professor Tor Hernes (IOA, CBS)
Research Assistant, cand.merc. Jonathan Schmidt (IOA, CBS)
PhD. Student. Katlin Pulk (IOA, CBS/ lecturer, academic auditor at EBS, Estonian Business School)
Hatch, M. J, Schultz, M. and Skov, A.M. (2015) Organizational Identity and Culture in the Context of Managed Change: Transformation in the Carlsberg Group, 2009-2013. Published in first issue of Academy of Management Discoveries, July 2015.
Schultz M. (2016) Identity Change and Temporality. In Pratt, M., Schultz, M., Ashforth, B. & Ravasi, D. (Eds). 2016. Handbook of Organizational Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 93-105.
Schultz, Majken and Tor Hernes (2013) A temporal perspective on organizational identity. Organization Science. 24(1):1-21
Hansen, M and Schmidt, J. (2016): Exploring an event-based perspective of production planning: Switching between routine and improvisation, MSc thesis, Copenhagen Business School (grade 12)
Hernes, Tor (2014) A process theory of organization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hernes, Tor, Barbara Simpson and Jonas Söderlund (2013) Managing and temporality. Introduction to special issue on managing in time. Scandinavian Journal of Management 29(1):1—6
Hernes, T. & Schultz, M. (in press). A temporal understanding of the connections between organizational culture and identity. In Tsoukas, H. & Langley, A. (Eds) Sage Handbook of Process Organizational Studies. London: Sage Publications.
Hernes, Tor (2017) Process as the becoming of temporal trajectory. In Tsoukas, H. & Langley, A. (Eds) Sage Handbook of Process Organizational Studies. London: Sage Publications
Hatch, M. J. & M .Schultz. Historicizing in Organizations. Toward a Theory of Using History Authentically.In press. Administrative Science Quarterly
Pulk, K. PhD Thesis (accepted for oral defense 2016) Making Time While Being in Time: A study of the temporality of organizational processes. CBS: Doctoral School of Organisation and Management Studies.