Centre for Organization and Time (COT)
Visiting scholar at COT: Professor Tima Bansal
Professor Tima Bansal, from the Ivey Business School, is currently a visiting scholar at COT, funded by an Otto Mønsted grant. She collaborates with staff at COT to further develop knowledge in four distinct areas:
- The tensions and dynamics between short-term and distant time horizons
- Sustainability-related research, especially issues related to business and the natural environment
- Bridging the research practice-gap, especially with her experience at the Network for Business Sustainability
- Qualitative research methods on time
Professor Tima Bansal is an internationally recognized scholar in business sustainability. She founded and continues to direct Ivey's Centre for Building Sustainable Value and the Network for Business Sustainability (nbs.net). She also leads Ivey’s Innovation Learning Lab. She is also Chairing Canada’s Expert Panel on the Circular Economy, which involves 16 leaders across academia, NGOs, government and business. Dr. Bansal has published over 50 peer-reviewed academic journal articles, two scientific monographs and co-edited the Oxford handbook of Business and the Natural Environment.
(For more information about Tima Bansal’s work, click here.)
Event: Tor Hernes and Majken Schultz will give a keynote at Leuphana University
Tor Hernes and Majken Schultz will give a keynote at a workshop on Time & Temporality in Organization Theory at Leuphana University on Friday, September 17th.
The title of their talk is "The becoming of organizational time and its infusion into organizational phenomena".
Vibeke Kristine Scheller has published a paper on Temporal Patient Trajectories
Title: Temporal patient trajectories: long stories in short admissions
Abstract: The paper provides new insights into the challenges of managing trajectories in same-day discharge schemes where the pressure to move quickly and ensure patient discharge is intense. The paper offers a novel theoretical perspective on trajectory management as an ongoing temporal process. The analysis displays temporal tensions between patient experiences and the accelerated discharge scheme and how professionals manage to overcome these tensions by bridging the patient's long illness story and the short trajectory within the cardiac day unit.
Tor Hernes has published a chapter in the Oxford Handbook of Organizational Change and Innovation
Tor Hernes has published a chapter in the Oxford Handbook of Organizational Change and Innovation, edited by Andrew Van de Ven and Marshall Scott Poole. The chapter, entitled "Time and Temporality of Change Processes - Applying an Event-based view to Integrate Episodic and Continuous Change", is co-authored with Anthony Hussenot (Cote d'Azur University)and Kätlin Pulk (Estonian Business School).
Article in Forbes by affiliate Professor Tima Bansal
Tima Bansal, Professor of Strategy and Business Sustainability at Ivey Business School, has published an online article in Forbes about large companies carbon commitments and how to tell greening from greenwashing.
New issue of Organization Studies:
COT contributes to the introduction and with 2 articles
Link to the special issue: https://journals.sagepub.com/toc/ossa/42/2
Professor Silviya Svejenova features as guest editor and has contributed to the introduction together with Professors Christine Moser, Juliane Reinecke, Frank den Hond and Grégoire Croidieu.
Abstract: In this introduction to the special issue, we first provide an illustrative overview of how food has been approached in organization studies. We focus on the organizing of food, that is the organizational efforts that leverage, shape and transform food. Against this backdrop, we distinguish the agency of organizations and the agency of food and explore their intersection. We argue that the ‘biomateriality’ of food, i.e. its biomaterial qualities, plays a distinctive role in shaping and affecting organizing and organizations. To do so, we present a conceptual framework for analysing food organizing, which highlights the biomateriality of food and its agentic effects on organizational efforts. Thus, we provide researchers with an analytical toolkit to disentangle the different agents (people, organizations, food itself) and the associated processes and mechanisms that play a role in food organizing. We use this analytical toolkit to introduce the different articles in the special issue and put forward some lines of future research.
Link to the intro: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0170840621991343
PhD fellow Sophie Marie Cappelen and Professor Jesper Strandgaard Pedersen have contributed with their article entitled "Inventing Culinary Heritage trough Strategic Historical Ambiguity"
Link to the article: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0170840620918382
Professor Tor Hernes, Postdoc Jonathan Feddersen and Professor Majken Schultz have contributed with their article entitled "Material Temporality: How materiality 'does' time in food organizing"
Link to the article: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0170840620909974
Majken Schultz and Tor Hernes have received funding from the Novo Nordisk Foundation
Professor Majken Schultz and Professor Tor Hernes have received funding from the Novo Nordisk Foundation for a 4-year long project entitled "Making Distant Futures Actionable: Innovating for a Zero-Carbon Future ". The project, consisting of 4 postdocs, together with Majken and Tor, will analyse the challenges of connecting on-going innovations to distant future goals.They will amongst other work with Novo Nordisk on future launch of novel solutions for diabetes as well as with Arla on the future of packaging.
Abstract: Industry has a critical role to play in accelerating the Green Transition, crucial to the creation of a knowledge-based sustainable society. Accelerating the Green Transition, depends on the ability of actors to create sustained mutual interplay between innovative solutions and distant climate goals. With barely more than a decade left to prevent long-term damage to the planet, there is an urgent need to understand how we can make distant futures actionable. “Making Distant Futures Actionable” is a project that investigates how on-going innovative solutions are integrated into long-term climate goals.
Iben Stjerne and Silviya Svejenova publish together with Matthias Wenzel a paper in the RSO
Title: Commitment to Grand Challenges in Fluid Forms of Organizing: The Role of Narratives' Temporality
Abstract: Organization and management scholars are increasingly interested in understanding how “fluid” forms of organizing contribute to the tackling of grand challenges. These forms are fluid in that they bring together a dynamic range of actors with diverse purposes, expertise, and interests in a temporary and nonbinding way. Fluid forms of organizing enable flexible participation. Yet, they struggle to gain and sustain commitment. In this case study of the SDG2 Advocacy Hub, which supports the achievement of zero hunger by 2030, we explore how the temporality of narratives contributes to actors’ commitment to tackling grand challenges in fluid forms of organizing. In our analysis, we identify three types of narratives—universal, situated, and bridging—, and discern their different temporal horizons and temporal directions. In doing so, our study sheds light on the contributions by the temporality of narratives to fostering commitment to tackling grand challenges in fluid forms of organizing. It suggests the importance of considering “multitemporality,” i.e., the plurality of connected temporalities, rather than foregrounding either the present or the future.
Jonathan Feddersen successfully defended his ph.d. thesis online
Jonathan Feddersen successfully defended his ph.d. thesis entitled " The Temporal Emergence of Social Relations: An Event-based Perspective of Organising ".
"The thesis examines the emergence of social relations in the flow of time. I report findings from an ethnographic study of BLOX, a landmark building and innovation hub in Copenhagen focused on sustainable urban development, complemented by interviews and archival data. The dissertation develops an event-based theoretical perspective and methodological approach to study the mutual interplay between social actors’ enactment of situated events ‘in time’, and the emergent pattern of events ‘over time’. From an event-based perspective, I conceptualise social actors and their relations as trajectories of remembered past, ongoing present, and projected future events. Through studies of collaborative innovation and material temporality, I show how the event-based approach advances an understanding of the temporal emergence of social relations."
Primary supervisor: Professor Tor Hernes, IOA
Secondary supervisor: Professor Silviya Svejenova Velikova, IOA
- Professor Christian de Cock (Chair), IOA
- Professor Jane Lê, WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
- Professor Hans Berends, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam - School of Business and Economics
Marcus Lantz as visiting research assistant at COT
When is it time for emotions?
When humans try to persuade each other to make decisions and take action, time and emotion both play large roles. With a background in rhetorical studies, Marcus Lantz is currently a visiting research assistant at COT trying to better understand the role of time and temporality in organizational contexts of uncertainty and legitimate disagreement such as strategy-making, product innovation, change management and crisis handling , which the current Covid-19 pandemic has emphasized.
Marcus successfully defended his PhD dissertation titled “Timely Emotion: The Rhetorical Framing of Strategic Decision Making” (publicly available at the CBS Research Portal) in October and has been part of COT for the past months. The dissertation combines a pragmatist philosophy of science with an action-research empirical approach, and Marcus conducted two qualitatively informed field studies, totaling 22 months, as well as a final, mainly theoretical study of a key political speech.
The dissertation demonstrates how the ongoing negotiated organizing of emotion constitutes compelling reasons to act. In relation to time and temporality and the existing work taking place at COT, two aspects in the dissertation are particularly relevant; acting and arguing with prudence, and the temporality of emotion.
- Prudence: One study finds that the constitution of a compelling opportune moment, deciding when to act, requires both a fit with existing organizational interpretations and an active shaping of what the organization aspires to achieve.
- Temporality of emotion: Another study finds that experiences and choices from the past influence the emotions that decision makers feel in the present and inform the intertemporal mechanisms that allow them to take the leap of faith of decision making.
Event: Postdoc Miriam Feuls will speak at a webinar on July 29th
Postdoc Miriam Feuls will speak at a webinar from the King’s Business School Meaning and Purpose Network (bringing academics and practitioners together) on Why Purpose Matters in the Return from Lockdown.
You can register for the event here: https://www.kcl.ac.uk/events/meaning-purpose-network-why-purpose-matters-in-the-return-from-lockdown
Title: Making long-term-goals actionable
Abstract: The awareness of the need to act now in order to prevent a future climate disaster is growing and more and more organizations publicly announce ambitions for the very long-term, such as becoming carbon neutral in 2050. In her talk, Miriam Feuls presents preliminary results of a qualitative longitudinal study of sustainability and innovation processes in a Danish dairy corporation that illustrates the central role played by time horizons in developing an actionable sustainability and innovation agenda. She discusses how the time horizon of 2050 was integrated in the organization, which challenges occur, when having to address both the short-term and the long-term, and how they are dissolved. She presents three interconnected processes that the organization engages in to make the long-term actionable.
Tor Hernes has co-authored a paper that appears in the Project Management Journal
Title: The Challenges of Implementing Temporal Shifts in Temporary Organizations: Implications of a Situated Temporal View
Abstract: We apply a situated temporal view to reveal the acute challenge actors face in making changes when their project moves toward its final deadline. A situated temporal view takes account not just of the dwindling time left to change the future but also the lingering past, the combination of which poses particular challenges to organizers. We discuss aspects of temporary organizing that make such temporal shifts challenging: the complex interplay between temporal structures and practices, multiple temporal orientations, and deferred timing of temporal shifts. We suggest ideas for further research to apply a situated temporal view to temporary organizing.
Postdoc Vibeke Kristine Scheller has published a paper on Understanding, Seeing and Representing Time in Tempography
Title: Understanding, Seeing and Representing Time in Tempography
Abstract: I discuss in this article how ethnographers understand, see and represent time by presenting a research study of a newly established cardiac day unit. Previous discussions of time in relation to ethnography mainly revolved around choosing an appropriate tense for writing up the text, and few studies attempted to develop a framework for conducting time-oriented ethnography in organizations, i.e., tempography. I argue that doing tempography requires considerations in several phases of the research process: how we understand time through theory; how we see time in different qualitative methods; and how we represent time in writing. I present empirical findings that illustrate different ways that time emerges in the ethnographic research process, for example, in observational accounts, through depictions and narratives that support different temporal conceptualizations, patients' stories about their trajectories and as ethnographic accounts of professional work. I contend that ethnographers need to consider: 1. methodological temporal awareness as recognition of coexisting temporal modes in qualitative data; 2. temporal analytical practices as understanding time and temporality through different theoretical concepts; and 3. multi-temporal merging as a matter of representing diverse perspectives in ethnographic writing.
Book publication: Postdoc Miriam Feuls has published her doctoral thesis on Practice-based business model transformation
Title: Praktikenbasierte Geschäftsmodelltransformation. Zwischen Strategischer Frühaufklärung und Benchmarking
Abstract: The transformation of the business model is regarded as central challenge for a future-oriented management. It is often assumed that only a high degree of foresight is needed to anticipate profitable developments at an early stage, for example in the form of extensive customer data, trend research or technological future scenarios.
In this book, I contrast this thinking by drawing on the perspective of socio-cultural practices and I develop a method to inspire and enable an organization to transform its business model. The crucial question of business model transformation -- "What will we do differently on Monday? -- is strictly speaking nothing other than the question of how to change organizational practices and the attitudes associated with it.
The method, which is explained on the basis of a practical case, comprises three steps: First, an inventory of the practices characteristic of the current business model is made. Secondly, on the basis of practice theory, innovation-intensive socio-cultural domains with a pioneering character are identified and their deviant practices are carved out. And thirdly, a strategic benchmarking process is carried out, which systematically checks the transferability of these deviant practices into the existing business model. The concept thus follows the logic of the perspicacious future thinker William Gibson, who once said "The future is already there, it´s just not evenly distributed -- yet".
Majken Schultz and Tor Hernes had a debate column about Leadership in the time of Corona in the Danish newspaper "Børsen"
- A time perspective on leadership in these Corona times: What happens to leadership when time horizons collapse?
Link to the article in Danish: https://borsen.dk/nyheder/opinion/ledelsesudfordringer-i-coronakrisen
Majken Schultz and Tor Hernes publish together with Jonathan Feddersen a paper in Organization Studies
TITLE: Hernes, T., Feddersen, J. and Schultz, M. (2020). Material Temporality: How materiality ‘does’ time in food organizing. Organization Studies.
The organic and hence perishable nature of food makes it particularly useful for understanding how the temporal dimension of materiality influences organizing and innovation. We present, as our main theoretical contribution, the concept of ‘material temporality’ to account for the transformation of materials in time and their imagined states at different moments across time, which we label processual and epochal temporality, respectively. Our empirical study shows how two organizations in the beer and dairy industries searched for novel solutions in their past and future. We show how the organizations’ potential for more consequential innovation was greater when they engaged distant past or future epochal temporalities. However, distant epochal temporality may also become uncertain and contested through the lens of ongoing processual temporality. We discuss the implications of material temporality for industries other than food and for organizing in relation to the natural environment.
Tor Hernes and Majken Schultz publish a paper in the inaugural issue of Organization Theory
Tor Hernes and Majken Schultz published a paper in the inaugural issue of Organization Theory. In this paper they develop a model for how actors may address distant events through activity, which they argue is a neglected dimension in research areas such as routines, practices and materiality. They also argue that it is crucially important to better understand the dynamics by which distant events are addressed through situated activity because that is what enables actors to question and ultimately transform their on-going temporal structures.
Title: Hernes, T. and Schultz, M. (2020). Translating the distant into the present: How actors address distant past and future events through situated activity. Organization Theory.
Abstract: Situated views demonstrate how on-going activity is both framed by temporal structures and serves to reproduce those same structures. Yet, recent research on temporality shows that addressing distant events enables actors to reflect on and eventually transform the temporal structures that frame their ongoing activity. We develop a theoretical framework of how actors address distant events through of situated activity in organisations through three steps. First, we discuss the notion of situated temporality to describe how actors go beyond, and potentially transform, the temporal structures within which they operate as they address distant events through situated activity. Second, we introduce the concepts of singular and exemplary events to show how distant pasts and futures comprise different combinations of events. Third, we discuss how certain areas of organisation studies that advocate a situated view, notably practices, routines, and materiality, may benefit from a situated temporal view. At the paper’s conclusion we suggest the concept of ‘temporal translation’ to describe the process of how actors may combine different temporalities through situated activity.