In spite of recent growth, the SSA economies, including Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia, are very much in need of enhanced economic development, as the private sector in SSA since independence only lately has made some contribution to growth (see Bigsten et al. 2006). With growing populations and high levels of poverty, development of local companies is crucial in order to provide employment and income.

Many analyses of the broader macro and institutional hindrances have been conducted, and still we know relatively little about the firm level factors, and the absence of positive impact in terms of economic development is evident. We need to deepen our understanding of why some state regulation is more effective than others in terms of fostering successful firms and how firms engage with state agencies to enhance their opportunities. In order to do so we examine how state regulation affects business performance, how particular interventions are adopted or sidetracked by firms, how government officials interact with the business community formally and informally, and how entrepreneurs seek to affect government policies.

By looking at the firm internal factors (resources and capabilities) combined with the external factors (market situation, business networks, political alliances and personal networks among others) the project will identify the different strategies that the management of the SSA firms are able to devise and sustain with varying degrees of success over time in response to their internal and the external (institutional) situation.

The project investigates how certain SSA companies in the agribusiness sector in all three countries, and in one strategic sector (manufacturing of food processing machinery in Kenya, tourism in Tanzania and mining in Zambia) are managing in changing institutional environments. The countries have been selected because they are Danish Programme collaboration countries (though Danida early 2011 has decided to phase out the collaboration with Zambia) that at present give high priority to private sector development policy as a means to economic growth and development but at the same time represent critical differences with respect to path-dependent business policies and to their integration in the global economy.

Agribusiness is a sector with a high employment potential and where upgrading of processes is regarded as a key step towards increasing value added and is given high priority in all three countries. The strategic sectors (see above) have high importance to economic growth and employment, however they represent quite different opportunities and challenges with respect to their integration in the local economy and their market orientations.

Further information on the details of each of the three country studies can be found in the documents in the links below.

Kenya Country Study (PDF)
PDF iconSAFIC Kenya Country Background Paper

Kenyan workshop 7th December 2017 (held in Nairobi)


PDF iconProgram
PDF iconOverview

Workshop Slides: Food Processing Firms PDF iconSlides on market diversification strategy and success of food processing firms in Kenya
Workshop Slides: Manufacturing Firms PDF iconSlides on entrepreneur capabilities of equipment manufacturing firms in Kenya
Workshop Slides: Kenyan SMEs PDF iconSlides on change for African firms: The case of Kenyan SMEs
Paper Presentation PDF iconFirm-level Perspectives On State-business Relations In Africa: The Food-processing Industry in Kenya,Tanzania and Zambiaen (By Paul Kamau, Goodluck Charles, Søren Jeppesen and Peter Kragelund)
Paper Presentation PDF iconWhat Constitutes Successful African Enterprises? (By Michael W. Hansen, Esther Ishengoma and Radha Upadhyaya)


Zambia Country Study (PDF)
SAFIC Zambia Country Background Paper (PDF)

1st SAFIC Zambia Stakeholder Workshop, Friday the 31st of October 2014 (held in Lusaka)

Workshop Program Click here to see the full program
Briefing Paper on the Food Processing Industry Agricultural Development in Zambia: The Role of the Food Processing Industry
Briefing Paper on the role of the Suppliers to the Mining Industry Resource-led Development in Zambia: The Role of the Suppliers to the Mining Industry
Workshop Slides (i) Slides to the Mining Industry
(ii) Slides to the Food-Processing Industry

2nd SAFIC ZAMBIA Stakeholder Workshop, Wednesday the 9th of August 2017 (held in Lusaka)

Please click on this link to view a feature that mentioned the Zambian-part of the SAFIC Project

Workshop PDF iconProgram
PDF iconAn Overview
PDF iconWorkshop Report
Workshop Slides: Food Processors PDF iconSlides on Zambian Food processors and the role of standards
Workshop Slides: Local Content PDF iconSlides on local content policies in Zambia’s copper sub-sector
Workshop Slides: Industrial Policies PDF iconSlides on the Role of industrial policies in Promoting Economic Growth & Development

Briefing Paper on the Standards in Zambia's Food Processing Industry

PDF iconStandards in Zambia's Food Processing Industry

Briefing Paper on Local Content PDF iconLocal Content Policies in Zambia's Copper Sub-Sector
Briefing Paper on Industrial Policies PDF iconThe Importance of Adequate Industrial Policies




The page was last edited by: Department of Intercultural Communication and Management // 02/07/2018