Center for Leisure and Culture Services


CLCS researchers study a wide range of current topics. Many members of CLCS are engaged in tourism and leisure research. We examine a number of issues such as the impact of tourism in society, the nature of leisure and tourism experiences, tourism innovation, sustainability and CSR, philosophical approaches in tourism and digitalization. A major topic of research at CLCS is related to the sustainability of services. We share a common concern on advancing the sustainable development of contemporary societies.  Another important stream of research is the area of diversity management and gender studies. We study gender and equity in organizations and in a variety of cultural settings. Besides academic publications, CLCS researchers actively contribute to generating awareness and policy initiatives in these areas.

Examples of publications and the latest contributions of CLCS’ researchers can be seen in the following links:


CLCS projects



Can Public Policy Shape Cultural Change? The Role of Adjustment Costs and Cultural Barriers to Women’s Employment in Saudi Arabia: This project, led by an international team of academics, aims to investigate how public policy can encourage female labor force participation and help shift cultural barriers to women’s employment in Saudi Arabia. The study received funding from the Evidence for Policy Design initiative of the Harvard Kennedy School. This work bears wider relevance for tourism, as Saudi Arabia is a central destination for religious tourism, but there is limited knowledge of the barriers to leveraging the female employment potential that tourism can bring as a development strategy.

InnoCoast - Innovation in Coastal Tourism: Co-creating Competitive Experiences. Project funded by Innovation Fund Denmark. The aim of the InnoCoast project is to generate research-based knowledge that will help local companies with experience innovation in nature tourism, cultural tourism and food tourism. The project has a multi-pronged approach to innovation, focusing on how tourist experiences are created in the interaction between tourists, tourism stakeholders and public authorities.

NEPSUS: New Partnerships for Sustainability. Project financed by DANIDA. New and more complex partnerships are emerging to address the sustainability of natural resource use in developing countries. These partnerships link donors, governments, community-based organizations, NGOs, business, certification agencies and other intermediaries. Yet, we still do not know whether more complexity, including more sophisticated organizational structures and inclusive processes, has delivered better sustainability outcomes, and if so, in what sectors and under which circumstances. To fill this knowledge gap and build capacity in this area, NEPSUS assembles a multidisciplinary team to analyze partnerships with kinds and degrees of complexity through structured comparisons in three key natural resource sectors in Tanzania: wildlife, coastal resources and forestry. Tanzania provides an ideal case for researching the impact of new partnerships on sustainability outcomes because policy and program implementation in these three sectors are heavily dependent on their success.

Environmental sustainability of hotels on Zanzibar (EnSuZa). Project financed by DANIDA. Research shows that sustainable tourism has become an established part of corporate and governmental agendas, but that is impossible without proper management and commitment of involved stakeholders. Zanzibar, an island heavily dependent on tourism, has increasing difficulties in attracting tourists and in maintaining good quality tourism products. The EnSuZa project takes a point of departure in the synergy between sustainable tourism and innovation, and aims to contribute to strengthening the quality and competitiveness of tourism in Zanzibar, by developing novel organizational practices that integrate solid waste management, mosquito control measures and environmental practices in hotels.
(Photo if possible for the projects section)

PAST PROJECTS (examples):

Empowerment through education: Tour operators promoting gender equality through capacity building: This project investigated tour operators’ engagement in corporate philanthropy and sustainable development through work on the socio-cultural impacts of philanthropic projects. Building on six-months of fieldwork in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, this study explored tour operators’ philanthropic selection processes and the effects these projects have on gender empowerment through building capacities at the local level. The research was funded by the British Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Gender and Leadership Practices in Copenhagen Business School: This project was one of the initiatives of the action plan developed by the Diversity and Inclusion Council at CBS. It examines the following aspects in relation to gender: 1) Management practices in recruitment and promotion (with a special focus on scouting and nudging); 2) Management practices in establishing and maintaining good work cultures and attractive research environments; 3) Best practices and guidelines for the promotion of diversity and equality, including suggestions for avoiding unconscious bias.

Creativity for Innovation and Growth in Europe (CRE8TV.EU): Creativity is a fundamental transformative mechanism of the European economy. To study this mechanism, this project brought together 11 of Europe’s leading innovation research centres, and was structured around six themes: 1. Mapping and measuring the creative-cultural industries and their impacts; 2. Understanding and modelling creativity and design; 3. Entrepreneurship and industrial dynamics in the creative-cultural industries; 4. Digital ecosystems, user participation and the blurring of production and consumption; 5. Intellectual property, IP rights and innovation in creative-cultural activities, and, 6. Policy issues and recommendations.

The Gender Gap in the Tourism Academy: This research project mapped gender equality in the tourism academy through a series of key indicators that reflect leadership in the field. These indicators include editorial positions in journals, positions on conference committees, and keynote speakers, among others.

Asian Social Web: Travel 2.0 promotion in Asia and Pacific. This project developed a search engine that identified, extracted and classified user generated content and travel blog entries about Nordic destinations from selected social networks.

STITCH: Sustainable Tourism IT Course and Handbook. Project financed by the EU Programme for Lifelong Learning (2010-2012).

Øresund EcoMobility: Knowledge and Innovation within climate friendly transport of gods and persons. Project financed by the Interreg IVA program.

Network on Sustainable Tourism Destination Development – Linking regions and research institutions in Europe. International research project financed by the EU Interreg IIIC Programme.

Demonstrating how integrated supply chain management and ecolabels can foster sustainable tourism practices. International research project financed by the EU LIFE-Environment Programme.

Knowledge transfer and institutional capacity building for cleaner production in Romania. Cooperation project between Lund University and the Technical University of Iasi, Romania, financed by the Swedish Institute.

Environmental Education and Training Program for Danube Delta Wardens & Staff. Project financed by the World Bank. Responsibilities: Proposal development, project management.

The Eco-Puppets in the Delta Environmental Education in the Danube Delta through art. Project financed by the British Council UK.

The page was last edited by: Department of Management, Politics and Philosophy // 09/24/2018


Research funding initiated by Carina Antonia Hallin, 2013:

1.5 million DKK. Industrial Ph.D. Candidate Carsten Pedersen, funded by TDC A/S and Ministry of Science, Innovation and Higher Education. Project (with Torben Juul Andersen): Corporate Social Predictions: Using the Collective Sensing of Key Stakeholders for Firm Innovation.

1.5 million DKK. Industrial Ph.D. Candidate Lasse Peter Laursen, funded by DFDS Seaways, The Danish Maritime Fond and Ministry of Science, Innovation and Higher Education. Project (with Torben Juul Andersen): Prediction Markets: Aggregating the Sensing of Key Stakeholders for Strategic Decision Making.

Link to ESOC 2016:

Link to ESOC 2017:


Center for Leisure and Culture Services
Copenhagen Business School
Porcelænshaven 18B, 3rd floor
DK-2000 Frederiksberg
Find us here
Telephone: +45 3815 2501
Director of the center: Ana Maria Munar

Join us!