Revisiting Creeping Competences in the EU

Manuele Citi has published the article "Revisiting Creeping Competences in the EU: The Case of Security R&D Policy" in Journal of European Integration

02/21/2014

Revisiting Creeping Competences in the EU: The Case of Security R&D Policy

The literature on European integration has documented several cases of creeping competences in the EU. None of these studies, however, has fully clarified the conditions under which this phenomenon takes place, nor provided any testable hypotheses on its empirical dynamics. This paper studies one case where secondary legislation was employed to extend a formal treaty-based competence (civilian research and technology policy) to an area that, for historical and strategic reasons, has always been a policy monopoly of national government: research and technology development policy for security and defence. Through the analysis of a large pool of documentary data, I elaborate a set of linked hypotheses about the empirical dynamics of creeping competences, and show how the theory of incomplete contracting is best suited to explain this phenomenon.

Manuele Citi (2014) Revisiting Creeping Competences in the EU: The Case of Security R&D Policy, Journal of European Integration, Volume 36, Issue 2, pages 135-151, DOI:10.1080/07036337.2013.813024

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