Department of Business and Politics
External public funded
Explaining Policy Change in a Gridlocked Polity
Over the last decades, the EU has acquired an increasing amount of power in a wide range of policy areas.
While the member states of the EU have retained their competences on welfare state policies (education, labour, health and pension policy), the EU has gradually expanded its power in the government of the common market: practically all the legislation concerning competition, trade and environmental protection - just to name a few competences - is nowadays decided in Brussels. In addition, the EU has gained an increasing role in other policy areas having a direct impact on the European economy, such as science, technology and innovation policy, cohesion policy, regional policy and the like.
The problem with the EU, however, is that its institutional setting in general does not allow any major policy reform. This is because its 'super-majoritarian' legislative process was designed to ensure the widest possible consensus among the member states and across the EU institutions, determining a de facto policy gridlock.
The aim of this project is to investigate the real policy reform capacity of the European Union, and more specifically to study the political, institutional and economic determinants of policy stability and change in the EU, the conditions under which policy gridlock can be broken and the extent to which the successive waves of EU enlargement have progressively undermined capacity of the EU to produce policy reforms.
Granter: Danish Research Council
For more information: Assistant professor Manuele Citi.
The project starts from the assumption that globalization is often thought to reduce state authority and empower market authority. Multinational corporations (MNCs) are frequently perceived as free to move around the world as they seek to maximize profits, with little regard for local social needs.
Such actions are viewed leading to a reduction of the political power of nation states vis-à-vis MNCs.
Yet, the picture is more complex and we can observe MNCs getting involved in various social activities, such as financing community projects, lobbying governments to act on global social issues, building private-public partnerships, and signing up for Codes of Conduct.
Such actions are often referred to as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Business studies have made great advances in studying how the range of CSR activities have expanded on a voluntary basis.
However, the political conditions under which MNCs choose corporate social voluntarism – understood as the choice to extend support to new forms of collaboration and policies for the social protection of employees and their communities – remains underspecified.
This project addresses this gap through an innovative methodological framework and original case studies based around the experience of Danish firms in China.
What are the political scope conditions that encourage MNCs to voluntarily propose CSR activities?
This project will combine insights from both International Relations and business studies to understand the political conditions under which MNCs choose to volunteer CSR activities.
This research project is funded by the Danish Research Council.
For more information: Assistant Professor Antje Vetterlein
A widespread consensus exists internationally and in Denmark about the relevance of pursuing goals for sustainable transport development but only limited research about how national transportation planning can become a pillar in this process. The goal of SUSTAIN is to expand this research and consolidate a framework on three core domains for a National Sustainable Transport Planning (NSTP): 1) sustainability, 2) institutions and 3) tools.
Research within these three domains will address the following questions: How can the concept of sustainability be operationalised and transformed into strategic performance measures for national transport planning? How can these types of knowledge about organisational forms and planning processes contribute to the achievement of such sustainability measures? And how can these new types of knowledge be built into new model-based planning tools that can help advance the strategic planning in the desired sustainable direction? An important feature of SUSTAIN is that it will seek to combine the results of social and technical sciences in planning research with extensive policy relevant knowledge in dialogue with practitioners and international experts.
Furthermore, the SUSTAIN research will be underpinned by multi-faceted case research based on both Danish and international cases. Close connection with ongoing Danish planning practice will serve to demonstrate the potential of the formulated NSTP framework, which is expected to have a broad strategic and policy-oriented appeal and impact on promoting future sustainable transport.
Granter: The Danish Council for Strategic Research
Further information: Professor Carsten Greve .
External private funded
Civil Society in the Shadow of the State (CISTAS) - Carlsberg Fonden
Further information: Professor Anker Brink Lund
- A comparative study of how to organize, distribute and govern everyday learning and innovation practices inside and across units and teams of Danish multinationals
This project explores how practice-based forms of learning and innovation are facilitated at the micro level of everyday work organizing practices in Danish multinationals (MNCs).
Research shows that successful MNCs today seek out, meld and leverage knowledge and learning practices on a global basis, moving from one-directional transfer strategies to multi-directional and highly reciprocal modes of joint learning and innovation. As Danish firms have developed into MNCs, the challenge is to make such practices function across international borders and different institutional environments. The study investigates how Danish firms that become multinationals translate these innovation practices when units and teams are separated by national borders and diverse organizational and institutional contexts - so domestic innovations spread abroad and foreign advances are integrated at home. Empirically, the study is based on in-depth case and network studies in Danish and foreign affiliates of Danish multinationals located in Denmark, US, Asia and Latin America. The research will provide insights into how organizational members through the experimentation with new forms of work organization may facilitate joint learning and become involved in distributed innovative activities making it possible to construct novel forms of learning-based multinationals.
Partners: CBS and Stanford University, School of Education
Granter: Tuborg Fondet
Further Information: Maja Lotz
External international funded
Global Re-ordering: Evolution through European Networks (GR:EEN) - FP7
GR:EEN will study the current and future role of the EU in an emerging multi-polar world through a programme of stock-taking, multi-disciplinary research and complementary activities.
It aims at a better understanding of the prospective directions of the emerging global governance structures and Europe‘s place in them.
Analysis will focus on the extant actors from the 20th century, the 21st century rising powers, the increasingly influential non-state actors (from both civil and non-civil society) and the new transnational regulatory networks of public and private policy makers and regional agencies.
While multi-polarity, with Europe as a pole, is a possibility alternative scenarios are also plausible. A shift from a trans-Atlantic to trans-Pacific locus of power, or the ―depolarization‖ and fragmentation of authority are such alternatives; both could marginalize Europe‘s influence.
But they are questions to be researched; not assertions to be made. Professor Leonard Seabrooke (CBS/Warwick) will lead the theoretical ‘engine’ of the GR:EEN through Work Package 1, ‘European Actor-Networks in a Multi-Polar World: Stocktaking and Theory’.
Work Package 1 will begin in March 2011 and continue to develop throughout the life of GR:EEN. The work package is generally divided among interest in ‘European Union networks’, ‘Europe and transnational business’, and ‘Europe and international relations’.
The scholars in the work package specialise in various aspects related to these three themes and coordination among them has already begun.
Scholars involved in the work package include: Peer Hull Kristensen (CBS); Maja Lotz (CBS/Stanford); Charles Sabel (CBS/Columbia); Leonard Seabrooke (CBS/Warwick); Ole Jacob Sending (NUPI); Eleni Tsingou (CBS/Warwick); and Jonathan Zeitlin (Amsterdam). To read more about GR:EEN visit the homepage
Further information: Professor Leonard Seabrooke
Who writes the rules for the governance of the world economy? In answering this question our minds may immediately turn towards international organizations, or transnational advocacy networks, or private authority enacted by firms in the international economy.
- How are ideas and skills transmitted between professions to define and solve policy problems?
- Under what conditions do actors within professions form coalitions within their professional ecology, or alliances across professional ecologies to solve policy problems?
- To what extent do professional associations, and professional association, matter more than institutional affiliations in how professions within international organizations, private firms, and transnational advocacy networks behave?
- Are professional networks more effective when small in number and with highly specific skills, or when large in number with a wide range of general skills?
- How does the behaviour of professions vary across issue-areas in relation to the wealth, dominance, and institutional density of their target policy community in the international political economy?
The Research Council of Norway’s NORGLOBAL programme has awarded 5 million Norwegian kroner to the Systems of Tax Evasion and Laundering (STEAL) project led by Professor Leonard Seabrooke. Based at the Norwegian Institute for International Affairs, where Seabrooke is Research Professor II, STEAL brings together a team with a proven track record in the study of tax havens from the field of International Political Economy.
The rectification of these 2 interrelated deficits is approached on the basis of 3 research objectives:
• To demonstrate that the 3 forms of CORGOV fulfil identical societal functions under altered structural
conditions insofar as they are simultaneously oriented towards the internal stabilisation of economic
processes and the establishment of compatibility with non-economic segments of society.
• To explain how evolutionary transitions from corporatism through neo-corporatism to governance unfolded
through an illumination of the relationship between the emergence and successive transformation of
CORGOV institutions and general structural transformations of societal structures.
• To describe and analyse the organisational composition of the 3 forms of CORGOV and the function of
legal instruments within these compositions; through a reconstruction of the type of organisations, networks,
social roles and their concordant legal forms on which the 3 forms of CORGOV rely.
The realisation of the research objectives are unfolded through detailed case studies respectively concerned
with the historical evolution of CORGOV within the European steel and pharmaceutical sectors.
Read more here: itepewebsite.pdf
Further information: Poul F. Kjær
STYLE – Strategic Transitions for Youth Labour, is a large-scale integrated collaborative project under the EU’s FP7 programme. The aim of this project is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the causes of very high unemployment among young people and to assess the effectiveness of labour market policies designed to mitigate this phenomenon. This aim will be achieved through 10 objectives organised around 12 research, dissemination and management packages (Figure 1).
STYLE is led by Jacqueline O’Reilly, University of Brighton and DBP at CBS is one of 25 research partners. There are also an international advisory network and local advisory boards of employers, trade unions, policy makers and NGOs. Janine Leschke, associate professor at DBP, is involved in WP6 Mismatch: Migration & Mobility and WP10 Flexicurity and she is co-leader of WP11 International Handbook. Martin Bæk Carstensen, assistant professor at DBP, and Christian Lyhne Ibsen, assistant professor at the Employment Relations Research Centre (FAOS) at the Department of Sociology at Copenhagen University are involved in WP 4 Policy Transfer.
For more information refer to: http://www.style-research.eu
Contact person at DBP: Janine Leschke
The ITSSOIN Project
CBC Center for Civil Society Studies at the Department of Business and Politics have become partner in the EU 7th Framework project ITSSOIN (Impact of the Third Sector as SOcial INnovation). The research is taking place over a three year period 2014-17.
Based on an empirical mapping of the Third Sector in nine European countries, the project will explore the influence of structural characteristics of non-profit organizations and civic engagement on social innovations. Thereby ITSSOIN will focus on organizations (properties and practices) and context conditions (discourses and policy frameworks).
Social innovation fields to be investigated will include: culture & arts; social services; health care; environmental sustainability; consumer protection; work integration; and community development.
European Legitimacy in Governing through Hard Times: The Role of European Networks (ENLIGHTEN) - HORIZON 2020
‘European Legitimacy in Governing through Hard Times: The Role of European Networks’
ENLIGHTEN is a collaborative project coordinated at the Copenhagen Business School (CBS) and brings together researchers from CBS as well as the University of Amsterdam, the Central European University and Université Libre de Bruxelles and non-academic partners Tax Justice Network, European Trade Union Confederation, Finance Watch and Housing Europe. The Chief Scientist of the ENLIGHTEN project is Professor Leonard Seabrooke, Department of Business and Politics, CBS.
ENLIGHTEN addresses the ways in which the EU’s modes of governance cope with hard times on short-term and long-term issues. To do so it investigates the European governance architecture which includes: modes of governance; expert networks; policy instruments; and legitimising narratives. The ENLIGHTEN project suggests that an understanding of temporal issues is crucial to dealing with hard times and for the legitimacy of the European project overall and distinguishes between Europe's ‘fast-burning’ and ‘slow-burning’ crises, setting out to compare the ways in which EU policy actors have attempted to deal with them. The project maps how European institutions and expert networks handle these crises, and what European modes of governance relate are suited to addressing these crises.
ENLIGHTEN applies this approach to the study of a range of policy fields that are widely accepted as being critical to both the sustainability of Europe’s continent-wide coordinated governance architecture and the responsiveness of Europe’s democratic polity. The three policy fields specifically addressed are: (1) Banking Crisis and Fiscal Sustainability; (2) Deficit Reduction and Continuity of Public Services; and (3) Youth Employment and Inclusive Growth.