External public funded
Explaining Policy Change in a Gridlocked Polity
Over the last decades, the EU has acquired an increasing amount of power in a wide range of policy areas.
While the member states of the EU have retained their competences on welfare state policies (education, labour, health and pension policy), the EU has gradually expanded its power in the government of the common market: practically all the legislation concerning competition, trade and environmental protection - just to name a few competences - is nowadays decided in Brussels. In addition, the EU has gained an increasing role in other policy areas having a direct impact on the European economy, such as science, technology and innovation policy, cohesion policy, regional policy and the like.
The problem with the EU, however, is that its institutional setting in general does not allow any major policy reform. This is because its 'super-majoritarian' legislative process was designed to ensure the widest possible consensus among the member states and across the EU institutions, determining a de facto policy gridlick.
The aim of this project is to investigate the real policy reform capacity of the European Union, and more specifically to study the political, institutional and economic determinants of policy stability and change in the EU, the conditions under which policy gridlock can be broken and the extent to which the successive waves of EU enlargement have progressively undermined capacity of the EU to produce policy reforms.
Granter: Danish Research Conucil
For more information: Assistant professor Manuele Citi.
Geopolitical practice and the struggle for territorial ressources within the Danish Realm
It is the aim of this project to investigate the geopolitical practice and international cooperation strategies by the governments of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands in the Arctic.
The project emphasise the drive to control access to submarine natural resources in submarine continental shelf zones surrounding Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
The project involves interviews with central actors from the from private business and organisations and political institutions in order to map what kind of international relations these actors engage in that could potentially affect the future size of the Danish Realm.
Under the UN Convention of the Law of the Seas, Denmark can claim sovereign rights over a larger maritime space than what is currently controlled but at the same time,
Denmark face independence rhetoric from Faroe Islands and Greenland. The outcome of these claims are uncertain but the role of natural resources seems a central part of the sovereignty relations within the realm.
In addition to the empirical mapping of the political relations, the project is driven by a theoretical ambition to develop an analysis of geopolitical practice as a concept.
Whereas historically, geopolitics was associated with military security and power politics, today, it seems, geopolitics is conducted through science, negotiation and related practices.
The aim is to theorise the contemporary role of geography and its relation to sovereignty within the context of International Relations theory.
For more information: Assistant Professor Jeppe Strandsbjerg
The project starts from the assumption that globalization is often thought to reduce state authority and empower market authority. Multinational corporations (MNCs) are frequently perceived as free to move around the world as they seek to maximize profits, with little regard for local social needs.
Such actions are viewed leading to a reduction of the political power of nation states vis-à-vis MNCs.
Yet, the picture is more complex and we can observe MNCs getting involved in various social activities, such as financing community projects, lobbying governments to act on global social issues, building private-public partnerships, and signing up for Codes of Conduct.
Such actions are often referred to as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Business studies have made great advances in studying how the range of CSR activities have expanded on a voluntary basis.
However, the political conditions under which MNCs choose corporate social voluntarism – understood as the choice to extend support to new forms of collaboration and policies for the social protection of employees and their communities – remains underspecified.
This project addresses this gap through an innovative methodological framework and original case studies based around the experience of Danish firms in China.
What are the political scope conditions that encourage MNCs to voluntarily propose CSR activities?
This project will combine insights from both International Relations and business studies to understand the political conditions under which MNCs choose to volunteer CSR activities.
This research project is funded by the Danish Research Council.
For more information: Assistant Professor Antje Vetterlein
A widespread consensus exists internationally and in Denmark about the relevance of pursuing goals for sustainable transport development but only limited research about how national transportation planning can become a pillar in this process. The goal of SUSTAIN is to expand this research and consolidate a framework on three core domains for a National Sustainable Transport Planning (NSTP): 1) sustainability, 2) institutions and 3) tools.
Research within these three domains will address the following questions: How can the concept of sustainability be operationalised and transformed into strategic performance measures for national transport planning? How can these types of knowledge about organisational forms and planning processes contribute to the achievement of such sustainability measures? And how can these new types of knowledge be built into new model-based planning tools that can help advance the strategic planning in the desired sustainable direction? An important feature of SUSTAIN is that it will seek to combine the results of social and technical sciences in planning research with extensive policy relevant knowledge in dialogue with practitioners and international experts.
Furthermore, the SUSTAIN research will be underpinned by multi-faceted case research based on both Danish and international cases. Close connection with ongoing Danish planning practice will serve to demonstrate the potential of the formulated NSTP framework, which is expected to have a broad strategic and policy-oriented appeal and impact on promoting future sustainable transport.
SUSTAIN homepage http://www.dtu.dk/subsites/SUSTAIN/English.aspx
Granter: The Danish Council for Strategic Research
Further information: Professor Carsten Greve .
External private funded
Voices and Values in Civil Society
Abstract: The research project takes its point of departure from the welfare triangle delineated by State, Market and Civil Society. The two former vectors have been thoroughly studied in Danish and international social science. But the latter has been marginalized in the academic debate. It is, however, an area of fast growing political and financial import. Consequently we have been granted funds to make an explorative study focussing on the role of foundations and philantrophy in preparation for a conference to be held by Realdania on October 6th 2011. Afterwards a more comprehensive research programme (including phd-stipends) shall be considered.
Partners: Gitte Meyer, University of Copenhagen, Ole Brandt, Communique A/S
Further information: Professor Anker Brink Lund
Abstract: Few empirical studies have focused on the production of news answering fundamental questions concerning who produce original news, and how journalists collectively set the agenda for the ongoing process of news production. A inter--discilinary reserach group has attempted to close this gap by comprehensive studies of the internal flow of journalism in a Danish context 1999-2008. This project is a follow-up embedding the Danish data in an international and comparative context to be published in 2012.
Partners: Ida Willig, Center for Nyhedsforskning, Roskilde University
Granters: Danske Dagblades Forening, Specialmedierne, Ugeaviserne i Danmark
Further information: Professor Anker Brink Lund
- A comparative study of how to organize, distribute and govern everyday learning and innovation practices inside and across units and teams of Danish multinationals
This project explores how practice-based forms of learning and innovation are facilitated at the micro level of everyday work organizing practices in Danish multinationals (MNCs).
Research shows that successful MNCs today seek out, meld and leverage knowledge and learning practices on a global basis, moving from one-directional transfer strategies to multi-directional and highly reciprocal modes of joint learning and innovation. As Danish firms have developed into MNCs, the challenge is to make such practices function across international borders and different institutional environments. The study investigates how Danish firms that become multinationals translate these innovation practices when units and teams are separated by national borders and diverse organizational and institutional contexts - so domestic innovations spread abroad and foreign advances are integrated at home. Empirically, the study is based on in-depth case and network studies in Danish and foreign affiliates of Danish multinationals located in Denmark, US, Asia and Latin America. The research will provide insights into how organizational members through the experimentation with new forms of work organization may facilitate joint learning and become involved in distributed innovative activities making it possible to construct novel forms of learning-based multinationals.
Partners: CBS and Stanford University, School of Education
Granter: Tuborg Fondet
Further Information: Maja Lotz
External international funded
Global Re-ordering: Evolution through European Networks (GR:EEN)
GR:EEN will study the current and future role of the EU in an emerging multi-polar world through a programme of stock-taking, multi-disciplinary research and complementary activities.
It aims at a better understanding of the prospective directions of the emerging global governance structures and Europe‘s place in them.
Analysis will focus on the extant actors from the 20th century, the 21st century rising powers, the increasingly influential non-state actors (from both civil and non-civil society) and the new transnational regulatory networks of public and private policy makers and regional agencies.
While multi-polarity, with Europe as a pole, is a possibility alternative scenarios are also plausible. A shift from a trans-Atlantic to trans-Pacific locus of power, or the ―depolarization‖ and fragmentation of authority are such alternatives; both could marginalize Europe‘s influence.
But they are questions to be researched; not assertions to be made. Professor Leonard Seabrooke (CBS/Warwick) will lead the theoretical ‘engine’ of the GR:EEN through Work Package 1, ‘European Actor-Networks in a Multi-Polar World: Stocktaking and Theory’.
Work Package 1 will begin in March 2011 and continue to develop throughout the life of GR:EEN. The work package is generally divided among interest in ‘European Union networks’, ‘Europe and transnational business’, and ‘Europe and international relations’.
The scholars in the work package specialise in various aspects related to these three themes and coordination among them has already begun.
Scholars involved in the work package include: Peer Hull Kristensen (CBS); Maja Lotz (CBS/Stanford); Charles Sabel (CBS/Columbia); Leonard Seabrooke (CBS/Warwick); Ole Jacob Sending (NUPI); Eleni Tsingou (CBS/Warwick); and Jonathan Zeitlin (Amsterdam). To read more about GR:EEN visit the homepage
Further information: Professor Leonard Seabrooke
The European Union Centre of Excellence at the Copenhagen Business School (EU-CBS) develops and advances research, education and dissemination about different aspects of the European Union, with a special focus on the business approach.
Further Information: Susana Borrás
An important field in which this has been claimed vigorously is science and technology policy. Thus, many countries witnessed the introduction of Participatory Technology Assessment (PTA).
The "litmus test" of PTA, and of citizen participation, is their impact on policy-making.
- But can PTA keep its promises and increase the influence of citizens' voices on decision-making?
- What in actual fact is the impact of PTA on decision-making?
- How can we increase it?
In order to answer these questions the project "Impact of Citizen Participation on Decision Making in a Knowledge Intensive Policy Field" (CIT-PART) will study comparatively the impact of PTA and TA on policy-making in Austria, Canada, Denmark, Italy, Latvia, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, the European Commission, the OECD and the Holy See.
From that we will draw conclusions about the potential impact of institutionalised citizen participation on EU level.
We will exemplify our questions through the reactions of various political systems to the challenge of Xenotransplantation (XTP), which stands for the transplantation of animal organs, tissues or cells into humans. XTP is highly controversial: Its advocates perceive it as promising since it could help to remedy the shortage of human transplants. Its opponents insist that it involves too many risks - most prominently infection risks - and ethical questions.
Adopting a theoretical approach of “social practices” we assume that the impact of citizen participation on decision-making is not only dependent on the quality of the PTA process itself but on practices of policy makers in which PTA is embedded in.
Following from our theoretical approach we will apply qualitative methods of empirical research. The research team involves researchers from anthropology, communication studies, political science, public law, social psychology and sociology.
- How are ideas and skills transmitted between professions to define and solve policy problems?
- Under what conditions do actors within professions form coalitions within their professional ecology, or alliances across professional ecologies to solve policy problems?
- To what extent do professional associations, and professional association, matter more than institutional affiliations in how professions within international organizations, private firms, and transnational advocacy networks behave?
- Are professional networks more effective when small in number and with highly specific skills, or when large in number with a wide range of general skills?
- How does the behavior of professions vary across issue-areas in relation to the wealth, dominance, and institutional density of their target policy community in the international political economy?
Further information: Leonard Seabrooke
Knowledge regimes are sets of actors, organisations, and institutions that produce and disseminate policy ideas that affect how policy-making and production regimes are organised and operate in the first place. Knowledge regimes are important, because they contribute data, research, theories, policy recommendations, and other ideas that influence public policy and, thus, national economic competitiveness. This project will compare changes in knowledge regimes in several countries, including Denmark and the USA.
The rectification of these 2 interrelated deficits is approached on the basis of 3 research objectives:
• To demonstrate that the 3 forms of CORGOV fulfil identical societal functions under altered structural
conditions insofar as they are simultaneously oriented towards the internal stabilisation of economic
processes and the establishment of compatibility with non-economic segments of society.
• To explain how evolutionary transitions from corporatism through neo-corporatism to governance unfolded
through an illumination of the relationship between the emergence and successive transformation of
CORGOV institutions and general structural transformations of societal structures.
• To describe and analyse the organisational composition of the 3 forms of CORGOV and the function of
legal instruments within these compositions; through a reconstruction of the type of organisations, networks,
social roles and their concordant legal forms on which the 3 forms of CORGOV rely.
The realisation of the research objectives are unfolded through detailed case studies respectively concerned
with the historical evolution of CORGOV within the European steel and pharmaceutical sectors.
Read more here: itepewebsite.pdf
Further information: Poul F. Kjær
Susana Borrás Blog on innovation and innovation policy
Carsten Greve´s Blog on public management and governance research
Edward Ashbee´s Blog on politics, austerity and hard times
Sine Nørholm Just´s Blog om politik, økonomi og markedsdannelse
Martin Møller Boje Rasmussen om de udfordringer og muligheder som danmark står over for.
Henrik Mahncke om internationale tendenser inden for den filantropiske verden